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Posted on 28/8/2016
Posted on 28/08/2016

Ibyaranze igicucu Ruganzu wari intasi ikomeye n’indwanyi

Ndoli wiswe Ruganzu wa kabiri amaze kwima ingoma, yari umuhungu wa Ndahiro II Cyamatare waguye ku rugamba yarwanaga na Nsibura umwami w’Ubushi n’Ubuhavu wari warigaruriye igice kinini cy’u Rwanda. Cyamatare kandi ingoma ye yaranzwe n’amakimbirane hagati ye na benewabo banze kumuyoboka, muri bo Juru akaba ariwe wari ku isonga. Icyo gihe nibwo ingoma ngabe yitwaga Rwoga yigaruriwe na Nsibura kandi ariyo yari ikirango gikomeye cy’ubwami bw’u Rwanda.

Rwoga iyi yasimbuwe n’ingoma ngabe Kalinga. Ku butegetsi bwa Ndahiro Cyamatare, igihugu cyari cyaracitsemo ibice ku buryo kugisubiranya byari ingorabahizi. Abavandimwe be banze kumwemera nk’umwami ufite ubudahangarwa ahubwo bakavuga ko hakwiriye gutegeka murumuna we witwaga Bamara, ibi byatumye igihugu gikomeza gucikamo ibice. Hari abahanga mu mateka y’u Rwanda bavuga ko hari hagiye kuvuka ibihugu bibiri byitwa u Rwanda bitewe n’amacakubiri yari mu muryango wa Cyami.

Cyamatare amaze kubona ko ibitero by’Abahavu n’Abashiru byari buzahitane umuhungu we wari warerejwe kuzima ingoma, yigiriye inama yo kumuhungisha amujyana i Karagwe k’Abahinda (hakurya y’uruzi rw’Akagera) kwa Nyirasenge witwa Nyabunyana. Nuko hashira igihe.

 Nyuma y’imyaka 10 Se apfuye, nibwo Ndoli yagarutse mu Rwanda. Akigera mu Rwanda yahise atangira ibitero byo kwirukana benewabo bari bashyigikiye Juru bari barigometse ku ngoma ya Se, Cyamatare.

Amaze kubatsinda, yakomereje ibitero bye ku bahinza ( abami bato bato bategekaga ubwami bwari buturanye n’u Rwanda) yigarurira ubwami bwabo. Bamwe bavuga ko Ndoli ariwe watumye ubutegetsi bw’ingoma nyiginya buzuka kuko bwari bwaraguye mu manga kubera amakimbirane hagati ya Cyamatare na benewabo ndetse n’ibitero bya Nsibura.

Ruganzu II Ndoli yatsinze Nsibura, atsinda n’ubundi bwami bwose bwari mu Majyaruguru y’ibirunga, Ubugoyi, n’utuce twose twavaga kuri Kivu kugeza kuri Rusizi.

Ruganzu niwe watsinze umuhinzakazi Nyagakecuru wo mu Bisi bya Huye, yirukanye ingabo zari hagati mu Rwanda zitwaga Abanyabyinshi, atera n’Ubunyabungo.Yarambutse arwana n’Abashi abambura ikirwa cya Ijwi. Ruganzu yaje gupfa ubwo yarimo arwanya abandi bari imbere mu gihugu barigometse ku bwami bwe baranze kumuyoboka. Ubwo we n’ingabo ze zitwaga Ibisumizi bari batashye, baguye mu gico cy’abanzi bamurasa mu jisho, aza kugwa mu nzira ubwo ibisumizi byageregezaga kumutahana ngo avurwe.

Izi ngabo zari zifite umugaba wazo w’intwari witwaga Muvunyi, Se yitwaga Karema warwaniriye Cyamatare biratinda. Muvunyi uyu akaba inshuti kandi indwanyi ikomeye ya Ruganzu bahoraga bahigana ubutwari, Padiri Alexis Kagame mu gitabo cye: Les Milices du Rwanda precolonial ku ipaji ya 93, cyasohotse muri 1962 yanditse ko mu mateka y’u Rwanda nta ngabo zigeze zigera ikirenge mu cy’Ibisumizi bya Ruganzu kuko byamufashije kuzanzamura igihugu cyari cyarazahajwe n’abanzi b’Ingoma Nyiginya kandi mu gihe gito.

Ruganzu bamutsinze ahitwaga Rusenyi hagati na hagati ya Kivu na Nduga( mu bumenyi bw’isi bujyanye n’amateka, ibice bya kera biba bitandukanye n’iby’ubu, kuko amazina n’ubuso byahindutse uko amateka yahise andi agataha.

Uko Ruganzu yigaruriraga uduce niko yahasigaga abatware basigaraga bamutegekera, bakamugezaho uko ibikorwa bikorwa nawe agafata ibyemezo.Aba batware bahaga umwami ikoro (imisoro y’ubu) kuko ariwe wabaga ari hejuru yabo .Umwanditsi Jean Nepomuscene Nkurikiyimfura wanditse igitabo kirambuye ku kamaro k’inka mu mibanire y’Abanyarwanda ( Le gros batail et la societe Rwandaise, Evolution historique de XII -XVII siecles a 1958 ku ipaji ya 76) yanditse ko ubutegetsi bwa Ruganzu bwatumye u Rwanda rutera imbere mu bukungu bushingiye ku bworozi n’ubuhahirane hagati yabo n’aborozi.

Kuri we ubworozi bw’inka, bwatumye u Rwanda rubasha kwigarurira utundi duce. Ubutegetsi bwa Ruganzu bwari bubangikanye n’ubw’utundi duce twari dusanzwe dufite abahinzi badutegekaga ariko twarigaruriwe na Ndoli mu bitero bye.Buhoro buhoro biriya bice byagiye bifata umuco w’u Rwanda ndetse batangira no gukora imirimo y’ubukungu harimo n’ubworozi bw’inka nk’uko Abanyiginya b’i Rwanda baroraga.

Uduce twarimo abahinzi two twakomeje gukomera ku bikorwa byabo byo guhinga ariko bagasangira n’abarozi ibyavaga ku mirimo bakoraga ku mpande zombi.

Aya ni amwe mu mateka macye y’umwami Ruganzu II Ndoli. Bamwe bavuga ko mu bitero yateye, yakoreshaga ubwenge bwinshi mu gutata abanzi be kandi nawe ubwe yajyanaga n’ingabo ku rugamba. Kubera ko yapfuye ntawe aganiriye nawe ngo amubwire amabanga y’icyo yakoze ngo abohoze u Rwanda, hari abavuga ko Ruganzu yabaye igicucu ariko nta gitabo cyangwa umwanditsi uhamya iby’uko Ruganzu yanze gutanga ubwenge ku banyarwanda. Uretse kuba byaragiye bihererekanywa mu mvugo.Yapfuye bitunguranye aguye mu gico cy’ababisha bamurashe umwambi mu jisho bikamuviramo urupfu.

Emery@Rwandapaparazzi.rw

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